Fuel-efficient driving techniques

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Fuel-efficient driving can save you hundreds of dollars in fuel each year, improve road safety and prevent wear on your vehicle. Adopt these 5 fuel-efficient driving techniques to lower your vehicle’s fuel consumption and carbon dioxide emissions by as much as 25%.

One of the largest single expenditures in running a car is fuel , and great savings in motoring costs are made by reducing fuel consumption. this means adopting a driving technique that minimizes the amount of accelerating and heavy braking you have to do. Driving for economy is all about sustaining momentum building up speed steadily and trying to not break down.

Accelerate gently

The harder you accelerate the more fuel you use. within the city, you’ll use less fuel by easing onto the accelerator pedal gently. To be as fuel-efficient as possible, take 5 seconds to accelerate your vehicle up to twenty kilometres per hour from a stop. Imagine an open cup of coffee on the dashboard. Don’t spill it!

Maintain a gentle speed

When your speed dips and bursts, you employ more fuel, and spend extra money , than you would like to. Tests have shown that varying your speed up and down between 75 and 85 km per hour every 18 seconds can increase your fuel use by 20%.

Consider using control for highway driving, where conditions permit. Be mindful, however, that tiny variations in speed can actually be good when gravity does the work. Where traffic patterns permit, allow your speed to drop once you travel uphill, then regain your momentum as you roll downhill.

Anticipate traffic

Look ahead while you’re driving to see what’s coming up. And keep a cushty distance between your vehicle and the one ahead of you. By looking closely at what pedestrians and other cars do , and imagining what they’ll do next, you’ll keep your speed as steady as possible and use less fuel. It’s also safer to drive this way.

Avoid high speeds

Keep to the regulation and save on fuel! Most cars, vans, pickup trucks and SUVs are most fuel-efficient when they’re traveling between 50 and 80 km per hour. Above this speed zone, vehicles use increasingly more fuel the faster they are going.

For example, at 120 km per hour, a vehicle uses about 20% more fuel than at 100 km per hour. On a 25-km trip, this spike in speed – and fuel consumption – would cut just two minutes from your time period.

Coast to decelerate

Every time you employ your brakes, you waste your forward momentum. By looking ahead at how traffic is behaving, you’ll often see well in advance when it’s time to hamper . you’ll conserve fuel and save money by taking your foot off the accelerator and coasting to slow down instead of using your brakes.

More ways to use less fuel

Here are less difficult ways you’ll reduce your fuel consumption and costs:

Avoid idling your vehicle

Turn off your engine when you’re stopped for quite 60 seconds, except when in traffic. the average vehicle with a 3-litre engine wastes 300 milliliters (over 1 cup) of fuel for every 10 minutes it idles.

Measure your tire pressure every month

Driving a vehicle with tires under-inflated by 56 kilo pascals (8 pounds per square inch) can increase fuel consumption by up to 4%. It also can reduce the lifetime of your tires by quite 10,000 kilometers. Find the right tire pressure for your vehicle on the tire information placard. It’s usually on the sting of the driver’s door or doorpost. Learn more about tire maintenance.

Don’t carry unnecessary weight

Remove items like salt, sand and sports equipment from your vehicle. The less it weighs, the less fuel your vehicle will use. The fuel consumption of a mid-size car increases by about 1% for each 25 kilograms of weight it carries.

Remove roof or bicycle racks

Streamline your vehicle by taking off the racks when you’re not using them. Aerodynamic drag can increase fuel consumption by as much as 20% on the highway.

Use air con sparingly

Air conditioning can increase a vehicle’s fuel consumption by as much as 20%. Open the windows when you’re driving within the city, and use the flow-through ventilation system with the windows abreast of the highway. If you are doing use air con , use the re-circulate option. it’ll minimize the impact.

Use a fuel consumption display

See the impact of the 5 fuel-efficient driving techniques firsthand with the help of a fuel consumption display, a feature now standard on many vehicles. (Some newer vehicles come equipped with even more sophisticated displays that analyze speed variations, shift points for manual transmissions, and driving behaviours like acceleration and braking times.)

Many drivers consume 15% less fuel by working on the feedback that fuel consumption displays provide.

Track your fuel consumption

How long are you able to go without filling your tank? Two weeks? A month?

Challenge yourself to refill as seldom as possible and your monthly costs will come down.

Drive less

The best way reduce fuel consumption is to drive less.

  • Walk or bike to your destination. You’ll use no fuel and have a healthier lifestyle
  • Use public transit
  • Join a car or van pool. You and your group will save fuel and avoid emitting tonnes of air pollutants a year
  • Work from home when you can. Every day you telecommute reduces the amount of fuel you use by 20%

Throttle control

On the level, a car runs most economically at a constant speed, achieved by holding the accelerator pedal in a steady position. This style of driving, where it is possible, can result in the almost unbelievably high steady-speed fuel-consumption figures often quoted by car manufacturers.

Modern driving conditions, however, often make it impossible to maintain constant speeds – even on motorways. Where you are forced to slow down, try to work out in advance just how fast you will need to be going when you reach whatever is causing you to reduce speed. Then you can ease off the power and let the engine slow the car down gradually rather than having to brake at the last minute.

Apart from being economical, this style of driving reduces wear on brakes and tyres , puts less strain on the car, and is less unnerving for other road-users.

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